Jim CLOOS started his professional career as a Luxembourg diplomat in 1981. He is presently Dep. Director General for General and Institutional Policy (reporting to the Secretary General of the Council) at the General Secretariat of the EU Council of Ministers, after having been from 2006 to 2010 Director in charge of General Policy Questions. Between 2001 and 2006, he was in charge of the Directorate "Americas, U.N. and Human Rights, Counter-Terrorism" and a close collaborator of the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana. In this job he also coordinated the areas of enlargement, trade, development and Africa.
From 1995 to 1999, he was Head of Cabinet to the President of the European Commission and the President's Sherpa within the G7/G8 framework. Between 1993 and 1995, he headed the Cabinet of the Commissioner in charge of agriculture.
Jim Cloos worked at the Permanent Representation of Luxembourg with the EU from 1987 to 1992. He took an active part in the drafting of the Maastricht Treaty during the Luxembourg Presidency in the first half of 1991. He was then promoted to Deputy Permanent Representative, a post he held until moving to the European Commission.
Jim Cloos holds a First Class BA Honours in Russian and Linguistics (University of Reading, UK). He also holds a Diplôme d'Etudes Approfondies (Lauréat) in Soviet and Eastern European Studies from the Institut d'Études Politiques (Paris, France) and a Diplôme d'Études Supérieures Spécialisées in International Trade (University of Paris IX-Dauphine).
In 1983, he published, together with Renate Fritsch-Bournazel et André Brigot, 'Les Allemands au coeur de l'Europe' (Fondation pour les Études de Défense Nationale, Paris). He is also one of the co-authors of 'Le traité de Maastricht: genèse, analyse, commentaires' (Cloos, Reinesch, Vignes, Weyland; Bruylant 1993). He is also one of the co-authors of 'National Leaders and the Making of Europe - key episodes in the life of the European Council' (Pierre de Boissieu, Poul Skytte Christoffersen, Jacques Keller-Noëllet, Christine Roger, David Galloway, Jim Cloos, Luuk van Middelaar, Guy Milton, Thérèse Blanchet, André Gillissen) published by John Harper Publishing 2015. He has published numerous articles on institutional questions, the CFSP and transatlantic relations.