Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming the “file to be” in the current EU mandate. The AI Act has set some records with its 3500+ amendments at the European Parliament, and it is the first ever attempt to enact a horizontal regulation of AI.
The proposed legal framework focuses on the specific utilization of AI systems and associated risks. The Commission has proposed to establish a technology-neutral definition of AI systems in EU law and to lay down a classification for AI systems with different requirements and obligations tailored on a 'risk-based approach'. Some AI systems presenting 'unacceptable' risks would be prohibited. A number of 'high-risk' AI systems would be authorized, but subject to a set of requirements and obligations to gain access to the EU market. Those AI systems presenting only 'limited risk' would be subject to very light transparency obligations.
It is extremely difficult to strike the right balance on the allocation of responsibility between developers, deployers and users, and to ensure innovation convergence of approaches at transatlantic level. In this context governance in conjunction with sandboxes will be key to avoid fragmentation across the EU while ensuring innovation can thrive in Europe. Standards will also become central for the compatibility of AI approaches across international jurisdictions and for a common understanding of what is AI and who should be responsible in its application in our society and the daily life of citizens. The objective of this EIF discussion will be to bring a reality check in the final stages of the legislative process of the AI Act.
Dragos Tudorache MEP and EIF Steering Committee Member
Kilian Gross, Head of Unit 'AI Policy Development and Coordination', DG CNECT, European Commission
Nichole Francis Reynolds, VP & Head of Global Government Relations, ServiceNow
Koen Cobbaert, Senior Manager – Quality, Standards and Regulations, Philips
Miguel Valle del Olmo, Deputy Director General for Artificial Intelligence and Digital Enabling Technologies, The Spanish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation